Mumbai, which was
previously known as Bombay is a major metropolitan city
of India. It is the state capital of Maharashtra . Mumbai
city is known as the business capital of India, it being
the country's principal financial and communications
Mumbai formerly Bombay, is the capital
of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2009, Mumbai
is the largest city in the world in terms of population,
with the city proper having a population of approximately
14 million inhabitants, and along with the neighbouring
cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it forms an urban agglomeration
with around 19 million people. Mumbai lies on the
west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour.
The city of Bombay originally consisted of seven islands,
namely Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman's Island, Wadala,
Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion. This group of islands,
which have since been joined together by a series of
reclamations, formed part of the kingdom of Ashoka,
the famous Emperor of India.
Besides being the financial & commercial capital,
it has one of the largest cotton textile industries
in the country. The biggest & busiest port in India.
It has the largest source of oil and natural Gas. The
largest stock exchange in India, and third largest exchange
in the world! Mumbai is also the capital of India's
Pharmaceutical Trade and Industry The city is a transit
point- manufactured medicines come into the city from
all over India and are stored in what are called central
depots from where they are redistributed all over the
country. Many multinationals & mega corporate head
offices are located here, and the largest motion picture
Industry in the world is here
Bombay came under the direct rule of the British in
The first railway line in India was started between
Bombay (VT) and Thane in 1861.
In 1864, modern water supply was started in Bombay (Mumbai)
and in 1885, Bombay was lit with gas.
Most of the year, Mumbai's climate is warm and humid.
Between November and February, the skies are clear,and
the temperature is cooler. From March the temperature
becomes warm and humid till mid June, the beginning
of monsoon. During monsoon there are torrential rains,
sometimes causing the flooding of major roads and streets
of Mumbai. The average rainfall which is brought by
the south-west monsoon winds in Mumbai is 180 cms. Monsoon
ends by the end of September. October is comparatively
hot and humid.
Population: 14.8 Million and growing
Area :600 Sq. Kms.
Language Spoken : Marathi is the main language. Also
spoken Hindi, Gujarati and
Rain Fall: Average 216 cm (June to Sept.
Altitude: Sea Level
Time Zone :Single Time Zone IST (Indian Standard Time)